What Should I Expect When I Have My Driving Lessons

As you learn to drive you should progress through five skill levels. Once you have consistently reached level five you should be ready to take, and pass, your driving test. The five skill levels are:

  1. the skill is introduced
  2. the skill can be carried out under full instruction
  3. the skill can be carried out correctly when prompted
  4. the skill seldom needs to be prompted
  5. the pupil can carry the skill out consistently and without any prompting.

The current DSA is as follows:

Highway Code

Have a sound knowledge of the Highway Code is essential. You should start learning it before you even start your driving lessons.

Cockpit Drill

These are the checks you should make inside the car before staring the engine.

Vehicle Safety Checks

Also known as the Show Me, Tell Questions. The checks are designed to test your knowledge and understanding of basic car maintenance.

At the start of the practical driving test you will be asked one show me and one tell me question. Failure to answer one or both of the questions correctly will result in your scoring one minor fault.

Controls and Instruments

You will need to understand the function of all controls and switches in the car, especially those that relate to road safety.

  • Foot controls: accelerator, clutch, foot brake.
  • Hand controls: parking brake, steering wheel, indicators, gear stick.

You will also need to show appropriate use of indicators, lights, windscreen wipers, demisters and heaters.

Using these controls needs to be second nature. You should never need to look at a control before or whilst using it, as this means you will be looking away from the road ahead.

You will also need to the function and meaning of your car’s hazard warning lights.

Moving Away and Stopping

You will need to know the correct procedures for moving away and stopping. You will need to demonstrate that you can perform these manoeuvres safely and under control whilst on the level and on a hill.

As with all manoeuvres you will need to use the MSM and PSL routines.

Mirror – Signal – Manoeuvre (MSM)

  • Mirror – use your mirrors to check the position of traffic around and behind you.
  • Signal – show others what you intend to do. Always signal in good time.
  • Manoeuvre – a change in speed or position.

Position – Speed – Look (PSM)

  • Position – position your car correctly for the move you want to make.
  • Speed – adjust your speed so it is appropriate for the manoeuvre
  • Look – have a final look to check it’s safe before you start to steer.

Safe Road Positioning

You must be able to drive in the correct position for the road on which you are driving.

You must be able to respond to the positions of other road users. You will need to understand how other vehicles i.e. buses and motorcycles, need to position themselves and how their presence will effect where you position your vehicle.

You must be able to follow the rules and principles of lane discipline.

Use of Mirrors

Mirrors should be used regularly and you must be aware of the presence of others in blind spots. Early use of mirrors must be made before signalling, changing direction and/or speed, and as part of the mirror-signal-manoeuvre routine.

You should know the differences between the different car mirrors and know when and how to use them.

You should understand blind spots and how to deal with them.


You will need the knowledge and understanding to give clear, well-timed signals to other road users and have the ability to respond correctly to signals given by other road users.

Anticipation and Planning

You will need to be able to identify emerging hazards and respond to them safely. Constant observation is key to this.

You will need to:

  • Think and plan ahead and anticipate the actions of others road users.
  • identify hazards from clues and respond to them safely
  • recognise times, places and conditions which mean there is a higher risk.
  • Demonstrate safe attitudes when dealing with vulnerable road users such as pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and horse riders.

Use of Speed

Safe and reasonable progress should be made according to the road, weather and traffic conditions, the road signs and speed limits.

You will need to know:

  • the various speed limits and restrictions for different types of road
  • how weather conditions affect the speed you use
  • the stopping distances for your vehicle in different conditions
  • how to calculate a safe separation distance between yourself and the vehicle in front

Other Traffic

You will need to be able to deal safely and confidently with meeting, crossing and overtaking other vehicles.

Meeting traffic – give way to oncoming traffic when obstacles such as parked cars block your side of the road. On narrow roads you should be prepared to use passing places.

Crossing traffic – when turning right you must position you car correctly, as close to the centre of the road as it is safe to do so, give way to oncoming traffic, make the turn without cutting the corner or taking the turn too widely.

Overtaking – know when it is legal and safe to overtake. Check and assess the speed and position of vehicles behind you, in front and coming towards you.

All the above require appropriate use of the MSM/PSL routines.


You will need to recognize and identity the different types of road junction and be able to negotiate them safely and without holding up other road users unnecessarily.


You will need to have a full understanding of the rules which apply to approaching and negotiating roundabouts. You will need to demonstrate that you can use them safely and confidently.

You will need to know the different procedures needed to negotiate standard and mini roundabouts.

When dealing with any roundabout you must:

  • Show effective use of the MSM and PSL routines
  • position your car correctly
  • use the correct lane on your approach and when on the roundabout
  • use the correct procedure on your exit from the roundabout

Pedestrian Crossings

You will need to know the rules which apply to all pedestrian crossings and you will need to understand the differences between each type of crossing.

You will need to be able to safely negotiate all types of crossings and show:

  • effective observation
  • an ability to recognise different types of crossing
  • use of the correct speed when approaching a crossing
  • an understanding of how different weather conditions affect your ability to see and stop safely
  • a knowledge of when you need to stop for pedestrians who are using the crossing

Dual Carriageways

You must be able to drive safely and with confidence all all types of dual carriageway.

You must demonstrate you understand the rules and procedures of joining, using and leaving a dual carriageway.

The Manoeuvres

You must be able to perform all the manoeuvres safely and under control. They include:

  • turn in the road (three point turn)
  • bay parking
  • parallel parking
  • reversing round a corner

Good clutch control is a key component of perform these manoeuvres correctly.

Emergency Stop

You must be able to perform an emergency stop safely and under control.

To safely stop your car as quickly as possible while keeping for control you need to know

You will need to demonstrate that you:

  • can co-ordinate the brake and clutch pedals so the car comes to stop under full control
  • know weather or not your car has ABS
  • know how different road and weather conditions can affect the way you stop
  • can control a skid if one occurs
  • know how to move away safely from an emergency stop

Weather Conditions

You will need to understand how some weather conditions will affect driving conditions. The primary affects will be on your:

  • visibility
  • speed
  • stopping distance
  • handling

You will need to know

  • the warning signs and signals that may need to be used
  • when to use your lights and which lights to use in poor visibility
  • how to avoids skidding and aquaplaning and what to do if they do occur

Updated Prices for Leighton Buzzard and Dunstable Area

My new student limited starter pack for Leighton Buzzard Dunstable and surrounding area

Please visit my web site for complete price list and a bit about me !!!!


A Free 1.5 hr Introduction lesson for students new to driving

+ SEVEN 1.5 hr lessons for ONLY £200

Total deal 12 hours saving £88 off basic hourly rate

Please also see my special voucher offer for £25 cash 

Please go to my web site for my latest updated 

The Modern car and the Survival cell !!

Next time your driving your car or if your a soon to be learner and a passenger in someones car especially if it only about 5 years old take special note of the “A” pillars thats the ones that go down either side of the windscreen. These are becoming thicker due to the modern crash safety cell which is obviously a good idea the draw back is that they are increasing the blind spot around the pillar. This can be a problem and this is an example:- Imagine that your are in the drivers seat at a T junction and going to turn right its a open give way junction so no need to come fully to a stop, you look left and right its all clear and remember you rolling slowly you look left again its still clear so you proceed problem is the “A” pillar hide the cyclist from view as you were rolling in the passengers side “A” pillar and as the car was rolling the cyclist was pedalling and moving with your car’s “A” pillar, you then looked right and preceded to go in the direction intended because you thought it was clear resulting in a situation and possible collision as the cyclist was still hidden from your view. Its always best to move yourself and your head forward to get a better look and in affect looking around the “A” Pillar’s. Don’t allow yourself to get in this situation.

Thinking Bike Include’s Push Bike !!!

Another tip to remember when driving around Leighton Buzzard or any other area

For Driving Lessons in Leighton Buzzard and Surrounding areas visit our website!

Great New App for iPhone Users

Highway Code app launched to improve road safety

The new app includes the complete contents of the Highway Code with a search facility making it easy to find rules and information. There are also interactive features like quizzes, a stopping distance calculator and a tool to help users identify road signs.

This is a GREAT App released today 15th May 2012Its the official DSA “Highway Code” app. Its great to use easy to search for what you want so you always have the information in your pocket. You may think I don’t need that! but have you ever wanted to park somewhere and maybe unsure exactly what the sign means. Unsure of a road sign or who in fact was in a situation and did not know wether you where right or wrong, not anymore with this easy to use app once you have it your be glad you got it and wonder why this has taken so long to come, and its a must for all you learners starting to drive. It is £3.99 but well worth it and you get all the updates free

Learn2Drive of Leighton Buzzard Highly recommends it !!

Please go to my Facebook page and click on the link in my post to download the App




For Driving Lessons in Leighton Buzzard and Surrounding areas visit our website!

Stopping and Starting Your Engine Good or Bad!!!!

If you have to stop at traffic lights or are queued in traffic and it looks like you might be waiting 2-3 minute’s or more consider switching of your engine! this will save you fuel and money it will also output less emissions into the environment. Car Manufactures recognise this now this is why they are fitting auto stop start systems to some models as standard. This will be the standard technology in our motor cars this is not the future this is here now!

Lets not pollute Leighton Buzzard and our surrounding area, remember we have Dunstable Downs and Wipsnade Zoo animals to look after!!!!


For Driving Lessons in Leighton Buzzard and Surrounding areas visit our website!

Early Convertible Prototype !!!

My how cars have changed since the first motorised vehicle!!                                             How would you fancy learning to drive this convertible around Leighton Buzzard and Dunstable think you would have difficulty with the pull push steering wheel routine though!!!


For Driving Lessons in Leighton Buzzard and Surrounding areas visit our website!

Signaling to move off and stop

This often a subject for much debate.
Do you need to apply an indicator when moving off from the side of the road
Generally if there are no other road users in the area then no one is going to see it. When there is traffic approaching from behind, applying a right indicator can be quite confusing as they may think you are about to pull out in front of them. It is often preferable to wait until they have passed to avoid confusion. In a situation where there are approaching vehicles or pedestrians, an indicator will often be beneficial to let them know your intentions.
Applying an indicator when you intend to pull up at the side of the road is vital when there is following traffic. Failure to do this in good time could result in a rear end collision (very popular in the U.K.).
Use of signals can be quite a complex subject as with most things in driving and is not always black or white.

This is the last on signalling and I hope you have found it useful and Interesting, remember take advice from your driving instructor as to how to apply the use of signals to differing situations.

At Learn2Drive We here to help in and around the Leighton Buzzard and Dunstable areas

For Driving Lessons in Leighton Buzzard and Surrounding areas visit our website!

More on Signalling

Here is some more on signalling as this is a large and complicated subject

Signalling to pedestrians:
We often think we are doing pedestrians a favour by waiting and waving them across the road. Waiting for them to cross in itself is not the problem; it’s when we invite them to cross.
They will often “take your word” for it that it’s safe, but what if a cyclist comes up on the inside or a motorcycle is overtaking, they may not have seen the pedestrian or be aware of your attentions resulting in a collision.

Brake lights:
Brake lights are of course a very useful signal these can be used to inform following traffic that you are slowing. If a vehicle is to close to you and you think it may cause problems you might consider slowing early to give the following vehicle more time to notice your intensions. How about when you get a situation where you wish to pull up on the left, but an indicator could be confusing because there is a side road to the left, you could squeeze the brakes to inform others that you are slowing and then apply the indicator once passed the junction.

At Learn2Drive We here to help in and around the Leighton Buzzard and Dunstable areas

For Driving Lessons in Leighton Buzzard and Surrounding areas visit our website!

Some rights and wrongs of using headlights as signals

Use of headlights as a signal can be very confusing to other road users. The official meaning of a headlight flash is to warn other road users of your presence. Now we are all well aware that headlamp flashing is widely used as a signal to proceed. Let’s look at a situation where someone wants to cross your path, for example an oncoming vehicle looking to turn right .You flash your headlamps to let them know that you will wait for them to turn, when you do this  other road users will often not check effectively but take “your word for It” that its safe. What if a cyclist is coming up on the left side, they could be unaware of your intentions to wait and the vehicle turning may not see them resulting a collision.

Another factor with headlamp flashing is when you flash to someone that you know coming towards you, what if there is a vehicle waiting to emerge from a side road, they may misinterpret your and pull out.

If somebody signals you around Leighton Buzzard and Dunstable be sure and always check do not assume all is ok THINK BIKE!!!                                                                    Lets make especially sure our area is safe

For Driving Lessons in Leighton Buzzard and Surrounding areas visit our website!

Why should we signal when changing direction !!!!

Should we use indicators when changing direction? If we are changing lanes and we have following traffic, it’s a very good idea to tell them our intentions or they may overtake before we have the chance to move out.

Changing direction to pass parked cars can often be confusing. Generally it is preferable to use your road position to send a message to following traffic. We can do this by correct positioning. When approaching a parked vehicle on the left, we can position just left of the centre line (right turn position)this should alert following traffic of our intentions to overtake (we can only do two things here overtake or park)It is not wrong to apply an indicator but what if there is a side road on the right! Someone may think we are about to turn right and possibly pull out in front of us. However there will be times when we are not able to position correctly because of other factors (other parked vehicles, narrow road) an indicator will then be required. An indicator should also be used if you think the vehicle behind is looking to move around you.

Please come back to my blog to see more tips on driving safe around Leighton Buzzard and Dunstable

For Driving Lessons in Leighton Buzzard and Surrounding areas visit our website!